IT序号网

AES加密知识解答

leader 2021年05月25日 编程语言 167 0

package util;

import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.security.InvalidKeyException;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.SecureRandom;
import javax.crypto.BadPaddingException;
import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.IllegalBlockSizeException;
import javax.crypto.KeyGenerator;
import javax.crypto.NoSuchPaddingException;
import javax.crypto.SecretKey;
import javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec;
import org.apache.tomcat.util.codec.binary.Base64;

/**
*
* @author Administrator
*
*/
public class AES {

// 加密
public static String Encrypt(String sSrc, String sKey) throws Exception {
if (sKey == null) {
System.out.print("Key为空null");
return null;
}
// 判断Key是否为16位
if (sKey.length() != 16) {
System.out.print("Key长度不是16位");
return null;
}
byte[] raw = sKey.getBytes("utf-8");
SecretKeySpec skeySpec = new SecretKeySpec(raw, "AES");
Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES/ECB/PKCS5Padding");//"算法/模式/补码方式"
cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, skeySpec);
byte[] encrypted = cipher.doFinal(sSrc.getBytes("utf-8"));

return new Base64().encodeToString(encrypted);//此处使用BASE64做转码功能,同时能起到2次加密的作用。
}

// 解密
public static String Decrypt(String sSrc, String sKey) throws Exception {
try {
// 判断Key是否正确
if (sKey == null) {
System.out.print("Key为空null");
return null;
}
// 判断Key是否为16位
if (sKey.length() != 16) {
System.out.print("Key长度不是16位");
return null;
}
byte[] raw = sKey.getBytes("utf-8");
SecretKeySpec skeySpec = new SecretKeySpec(raw, "AES");
Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES/ECB/PKCS5Padding");
cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, skeySpec);
byte[] encrypted1 = new Base64().decode(sSrc);//先用base64解密
try {
byte[] original = cipher.doFinal(encrypted1);
String originalString = new String(original,"utf-8");
return originalString;
} catch (Exception e) {
System.out.println(e.toString());
return null;
}
} catch (Exception ex) {
System.out.println(ex.toString());
return null;
}
}
/**
* 加密
*
* @param content 需要加密的内容
* @param password 加密密码
* @return
*/
public static byte[] encrypt(String content, String password) {
try {
KeyGenerator kgen = KeyGenerator.getInstance("AES");
kgen.init(128, new SecureRandom(password.getBytes()));
SecretKey secretKey = kgen.generateKey();
byte[] enCodeFormat = secretKey.getEncoded();
SecretKeySpec key = new SecretKeySpec(enCodeFormat, "AES");
Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES");// 创建密码器
byte[] byteContent = content.getBytes("utf-8");
cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, key);// 初始化
byte[] result = cipher.doFinal(byteContent);
return result; // 加密
} catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (NoSuchPaddingException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (InvalidKeyException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (IllegalBlockSizeException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (BadPaddingException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
return null;
}
/**解密
* @param content 待解密内容
* @param password 解密密钥
* @return
*/
public static byte[] decrypt(byte[] content, String password) {
try {
KeyGenerator kgen = KeyGenerator.getInstance("AES");
kgen.init(128, new SecureRandom(password.getBytes()));
SecretKey secretKey = kgen.generateKey();
byte[] enCodeFormat = secretKey.getEncoded();
SecretKeySpec key = new SecretKeySpec(enCodeFormat, "AES");
Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES");// 创建密码器
cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, key);// 初始化
byte[] result = cipher.doFinal(content);
return result; // 加密
} catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (NoSuchPaddingException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (InvalidKeyException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (IllegalBlockSizeException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (BadPaddingException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
return null;
}
/**将二进制转换成16进制
* @param buf
* @return
*/
public static String parseByte2HexStr(byte buf[]) {
StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
for (int i = 0; i < buf.length; i++) {
String hex = Integer.toHexString(buf[i] & 0xFF);
if (hex.length() == 1) {
hex = '0' + hex;
}
sb.append(hex.toUpperCase());
}
return sb.toString();
}
/**将16进制转换为二进制
* @param hexStr
* @return
*/
public static byte[] parseHexStr2Byte(String hexStr) {
if (hexStr.length() < 1)
return null;
byte[] result = new byte[hexStr.length()/2];
for (int i = 0;i< hexStr.length()/2; i++) {
int high = Integer.parseInt(hexStr.substring(i*2, i*2+1), 16);
int low = Integer.parseInt(hexStr.substring(i*2+1, i*2+2), 16);
result[i] = (byte) (high * 16 + low);
}
return result;
}

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
/*
* 此处使用AES-128-ECB加密模式,key需要为16位。
*/
String cKey = "1234567890123456";
// 需要加密的字串
String cSrc = "www.gowhere.so";
System.out.println(cSrc);
// 加密
String enString = AES.Encrypt(cSrc, cKey);
System.out.println("加密后的字串是:" + enString);

// 解密
String DeString = AES.Decrypt(enString, cKey);
System.out.println("解密后的字串是:" + DeString);
String content = "test";
String password = "12345678";
//加密
System.out.println("加密前:" + content);
byte[] encryptResult = encrypt(content, password);
String encryptResultStr = parseByte2HexStr(encryptResult);
System.out.println("加密后:" + encryptResultStr);
//解密
byte[] decryptFrom = parseHexStr2Byte(encryptResultStr);
byte[] decryptResult = decrypt(decryptFrom,password);
System.out.println("解密后:" + new String(decryptResult));
}
}


发布评论
IT序号网

微信公众号号:IT虾米 (左侧二维码扫一扫)欢迎添加!

pinyin4j的使用知识解答
你是第一个吃螃蟹的人
发表评论

◎欢迎参与讨论,请在这里发表您的看法、交流您的观点。