具体代码如下:

import java.io.IOException; 
import java.util.*; 
 
import org.apache.solr.client.solrj.SolrClient; 
import org.apache.solr.client.solrj.SolrQuery; 
import org.apache.solr.client.solrj.SolrRequest; 
import org.apache.solr.client.solrj.SolrServerException; 
import org.apache.solr.client.solrj.impl.HttpSolrClient; 
import org.apache.solr.client.solrj.response.QueryResponse; 
import org.apache.solr.client.solrj.response.UpdateResponse; 
import org.apache.solr.common.SolrDocument; 
import org.apache.solr.common.SolrInputDocument; 
import java.util.Set; 
import java.util.List; 
 
/** 
* @Author:sks 
* @Description: 
* @Date: 
*/ 
public class solrtest { 
 
    public static void main(String []args) throws SolrServerException, IOException{ 
 
        String urlString = "http://localhost:8983/solr/data"; 
        String id = "北京-报纸-电动车-资讯快报.pdf"; 
        Init(urlString); 
//        addIndex(); 
        searchData(); 
//        Map<String, String> maps = new HashMap<String, String>(); 
//        maps.put("author","小王"); 
//        maps.put("profession","汽车"); 
//        maps.put("district","北京"); 
//        maps.put("mediatype","报纸"); 
//        updateMultiData(id,maps); 
// 
// 
//        String fieldName = "author"; 
//        Object fieldValue = "小张"; 
//        updateSingleData(id,fieldName,fieldValue); 
// 
//        delIndexByID(id); 
 
    } 
 
    private static SolrClient solr; 
 
    /** 
     * @Author:sks 
     * @Description:初始化solr客户端 
     * @Date: 
     */ 
    public static void Init(String urlString){ 
 
        solr = new HttpSolrClient.Builder(urlString).build(); 
    } 
 
    /** 
    * @Author:sks 
    * @Description:添加索引 
    * @Date: 
    */ 
    public static void addIndex() throws SolrServerException, IOException{ 
 
        SolrInputDocument document = new SolrInputDocument(); 
        document.addField("id", "9527"); 
        document.addField("name", "啦啦"); 
        document.addField("content", "solr是个好东西"); 
        solr.add(document); 
        solr.commit(); 
    } 
 
    /** 
    * @Author:sks 
    * @Description:更新索引中多个属性数据 
    * @Date: 
     * @id:索引ID 
     * @maps:属性名称,属性值键值对 
    */ 
    public static void updateMultiData(String id,Map<String, String> maps ) throws SolrServerException,IOException{ 
 
        Set<String> keys = maps.keySet(); 
        SolrInputDocument doc = new SolrInputDocument(); 
        doc.addField("id", id); 
        for(String key : keys) 
        { 
            HashMap<String, Object> oper = new HashMap<String, Object>(); 
            oper.put("set", maps.get(key)); 
            doc.addField(key, oper); 
        } 
 
        UpdateResponse rsp = solr.add(doc); 
        System.out.println("update doc id:" + id + " result:" + rsp.getStatus() + " Qtime:" + rsp.getQTime()); 
        UpdateResponse rspCommit = solr.commit(); 
        System.out.println("commit doc to index" + " result:" + rspCommit.getStatus() + " Qtime:" + rspCommit.getQTime()); 
 
    } 
 
    /** 
    * @Author:sks 
    * @Description:更新索引中单个属性数据 
    * @Date: 
     * @id:索引ID 
     * @fieldName:属性名称 
     * @fieldValue:属性值 
    */ 
    public static void updateSingleData(String id,String fieldName,Object fieldValue) throws SolrServerException,IOException{ 
 
        HashMap<String, Object> oper = new HashMap<String, Object>(); 
        oper.put("set", fieldValue); 
        SolrInputDocument doc = new SolrInputDocument(); 
        doc.addField("id", id); 
        doc.addField(fieldName, oper); 
        UpdateResponse rsp = solr.add(doc); 
        System.out.println("update doc id:" + id + " result:" + rsp.getStatus() + " Qtime:" + rsp.getQTime()); 
        UpdateResponse rspCommit = solr.commit(); 
        System.out.println("commit doc to index" + " result:" + rspCommit.getStatus() + " Qtime:" + rspCommit.getQTime()); 
 
    } 
 
    /** 
    * @Author:sks 
    * @Description:删除指定ID的索引 
    * @Date: 
     * @id:索引ID 
    */ 
    public static void delIndexByID(String id) throws SolrServerException, IOException{ 
 
        UpdateResponse ur = solr.deleteById(id); 
        System.out.println(ur); 
 
        UpdateResponse c = solr.commit(); 
        System.out.println(c); 
 
    } 
 
    /** 
    * @Author:sks 
    * @Description:查询数据 
    * @Date: 
    */ 
    public static void searchData() throws SolrServerException,IOException { 
        //使用这个对象做查询 
        SolrQuery params = new SolrQuery(); 
        //查询所有数据 
//        params.setQuery("*:*"); 
        params.setQuery("id:广州-杂志-汽车-电台资讯快报-2015年2月.docx"); 
        //分页,默认是分页从0开始,每页显示10行 
        params.setStart(0); 
        params.setRows(30); 
 
        QueryResponse queryResponse = solr.query(params); 
        //拿到数据集合,返回查询结果 
        List<SolrDocument> list = queryResponse.getResults(); 
 
        //循环打印数据集合 
        for (SolrDocument solrDocument : list) { 
            Object id = solrDocument.get("id"); 
            System.out.println(id.toString()); 
 
            Object fileSize = solrDocument.get("fileSize"); 
            System.out.println(fileSize.toString()); 
 
            Object fileLastModified = solrDocument.get("fileLastModified"); 
            System.out.println(fileLastModified.toString()); 
 
            Object fileAbsolutePath = solrDocument.get("fileAbsolutePath"); 
            System.out.println(fileAbsolutePath.toString()); 
 
            Object author = solrDocument.get("author"); 
            System.out.println(author.toString()); 
 
//            Object text = solrDocument.get("text"); 
//            System.out.println(text.toString()); 
            Object title = solrDocument.get("title"); 
            System.out.println(title.toString()); 
 
            Object author_area_keywor = solrDocument.get("author_area_keyword"); 
            System.out.println(author_area_keywor.toString()); 
 
 
        } 
    } 
 
 
 
 
}

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